ARKANSAS BLACK -Discovered in Benton County, Arkansas; shiny, blackish-red fruit; crisp, aromatic flesh; superb keeper; good for cooking and eating.
ASHMEAD'S KERNEL A medium-sized antique russet from England. Deemed ugly by modern standards. Its coat resembles an Idaho potato. This high-flavored; tart apple is firm textured; a good keeper. This is rated one of the best of the russets.
BALDWIN -Hailing from New York State, is an all-purpose red-skinned apple, mottled and streaked with yellow. It has a mildly sweet-tart flavor and fairly crisp texture and is available from October to April.
BLACK GILLIFLOWER An antique, medium-sized, winter dessert apple of very distinctive, tall sheep-nose shape, and black-red color. This white-fleshed variety has a mild flavor, in never crisp and peculiarly aromatic.
BLACKTWIG -Originated near Fayetteville, Tennessee; is a deep-red apple; firm, slightly tart flesh; excellent keeper; good for cooking and fresh eating.
BLUSHING GOLDEN This is a medium-sized waxy coated modern yellow apple with a pink blush, believed to be a Jonathan/Golden Delicious cross. It has a firm flesh with a flavor similar to Golden Delicious with an almond essence, but tarter.
BRAEBURN From New Zealand, this apple has an appearance similar to Fuji's, pale pink striped. Although it has a richer flavor and is firmer than Fuji, it does not keep quite as good.
CALVILLE BLANC This classic dessert apple from France is light green skinned, with prominent ribs. Very high in Vitamin C and deemed superior for all culinary purposes. Tart and not very crisp.
CAROLINA RED JUNE -From North Carolina; pale yellow with purplish-red blush; juicy, aromatic; ripens early in June and July; good for fresh eating.
CHIEFTAIN A Jonathan/Delicious cross marrying each variety's best qualities: Jonathan's sour richness, Red Delicious' juicy sweetness. Less tart than Jonathan, more flavor than Delicious. Looks more like Delicious but will keep longer.
CORTLAND -From New York; dark-red smooth, shiny skin
with a bluish-waxy coating; juicy, tender, sweet-tart flesh that resists
browning. It's an all-purpose apple excellent for cooking as well as
COX'S ORANGE PIPPIN This is the apple that still dominates the English markets. Medium-sized, golden yellow skin flushed with brownish orange; often russeted. Crispy yellow flesh, semi-tart with a very special aftertaste.
CRITERION -This slightly tart apple has a bright red
skin with green highlights. It's good for baking as well as out-of-hand
DOWNINGLAND A Golden Delicious/Rome cross with a mild sweet flavor. Very low in acid making it easily digestible. Medium to small in size.
DOWNING TART A tart, crisp, medium-sized, round, dark red apple from the famous Ohio Downings. This is a really "sour" apple.
EMPIRE A Red Delicious/McIntosh cross.. This medium-sized, round, dark red apple has a gorgeous appearance; is sweet, juicy, firm, and aromatic. At its peak, Empire "cracks" when you bite it. A great apple for kids.
ENTERPRISE A new apple named in 1992 with eating quality somewhat like Idared.
ESOPUS SPRITZENBURG -From New York; Thomas Jefferson's
favorite; bright-red fruit with yellow flecks; rich, juicy flesh; good
for fresh eating.
FORTUNE Named and introduced in '95, this Red Spy/Empire cross comes from Geneva, NY. It has the size and bite of a Northern Spy and the aromatics of a McIntosh..
FUJI A Ralls Janet/Red Delicious cross, bred in Japan, where it is the number one seller. Pale pink stripes over a light green background. This is the best keeping sweet apple in the world. In a refrigerator, Fuji will keep from October through April and still be crackling crisp.
GALA Very sweet, firm, medium size, conic to round in shape. Light golden yellow with a pinkish-orange blush. Striking, peach-like appearance. Red Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippin are grandparents and Golden Delicious is a parent. For those with a sweet tooth, Gala is a best!
GOLD COAST This beautiful, huge, greenish-yellow variety from the Geneva NY. This is an offspring of Doud's Golden. Tarter than Golden Delicious
GOLDEN DELICIOUS -This yellow to yellow-green apple has
a sweet, rather bland flavor and juicy, crisp flesh that resists
browning. Golden Delicious apples have a long season, usually from
September to early June. They're a good all-purpose apple though they do
tend to lose some flavor when cooked.
GOLDRUSH This was the first disease resistant strain with world class eating quality and shelf life. Medium sized. Greenish-yellow coat with some russet. Semi-tart. Keeps as well as Fuji.
GOLDEN RUSSET -A greenish-yellow fruit with light-brown
russeting; crisp yellow flesh exceptionally juicy and sweet; good
keeper; superb for cider and fresh eating.
HARALSON A medium-sized red apple from Minnesota. .Especially hardy. tart, firm, white-fleshed, good quality.
HIDDEN ROSE This pink-fleshed variety from Michigan is a tart, good eating apple.
HOKUTO A Mutsu/Fuji cross that is a blend of the crisp texture of a Fuji, the large size and shape of Mutsu, and an amalgam of their sweet flavors.
HOLIDAY A Macoun/Jonathan cross from Ohio. Flesh quality most resembles Macoun (the best flavored of the McIntosh clan), but with Jonathan tartness. Flesh crisp, tender, white, aromatic with a slightly faded deep red skin color.
HONEY CRISP A Macoun/Honey Gold cross. Large, blotched red; extremely crisp.
HONEY GOLD A Golden
Delicious/Haralson cross., introduced in 1969 in Minnesota. Eating
quality similar to Golden Delicious, but hardier than Golden Delicious
HUDSON'S GOLDEN GEM This conical shaped russet of first class eating quality is considered an antique from the ninetenth century or before.
IDARED A cross of Jonathan and Wagener. This results in a large juicy bright red apple with a rich flavor that keeps very well. Idared requires some refrigeration time to reach peak quality. Idared is the longest keeping Jonathan type.
JONAGOLD Jonagold is a wonderful flavored, very large, sweet apple. For optimum flavor and texture, this variety should be savored very soon after harvest.
JONALICIOUS Flavor equal to the richness of Jonathan but a little less tart. Larger, crisper, and juicier than Jonathan, and a better keeper. This a tart apple.
JONAMAC A medium-sized Jonathan/McIntosh cross. Sour flavored and tender fleshed like McIntosh it has wonderful McIntosh-like aromatics.
JONATHAN -The spicy fragrance of this bright red apple is to some just as seductive as its juicy, sweet-tart flavor. The Jonathan is in season from September through February. This all-purpose apple is great for out-of-hand eating, pies, applesauce and other cooked dishes. It doesn't fare well, however, when used as a baking apple.
KANDIL SINAP This novelty variety from Turkey has good dessert quality. The striking medium-sized fruit is very tall and narrow; with creamy yellow porcelain-like skin and a sunny side bright red blush.
medium-sized, blotchy mostly red coated, hard, very crisp, juicy, and
aromatic. This is an offspring of Northern Spy with a semi-tart flavor.
KING DAVID Believed to be a Jonathan/Arkansas Black cross. Medium-sized. Dark red coat. It has a very distinctive flavor.
LADY APPLE -A tiny apple that can range in color from brilliant red to yellow with generous red blushing. Its flesh is sweet-tart and it can be eaten raw or cooked. Fresh lady apples are available during the winter months. They're also available canned, and are widely used for garnishing purposes.
LIBERTY Liberty has superior dessert quality, somewhat akin to one of its parents, Macoun.
LIMBERTWIG -From North Georgia; greenish-yellow fruit
with red blush; juicy, tasty; among the best keepers; good for pies,
cider, jelly, and fresh eating.
MELROSE An outstanding Jonathan/Red Delicious cross combining the rich flavor of Jonathan and the crisp juicy texture and sweetness of Red Delicious. Round shape, dull red color. Larger than Jonathan and a better keeper. A "best" for caramel apples.
MOYER'S PRIZE This is a local Indiana favorite from the late nineteenth century of the Yellow Bellflower group. Medium tart, crisp, very juicy. Yellow skin, oblong conic shape, medium to large size.
MUTSU An offspring of the Golden Delicious from Japan.. A very large, firm, greenish yellow apple with a sweet, cocktail of flavors, including a hint of anise. Juicy and refreshing. Absolutely outstanding dessert quality. A good keeper. Renamed Crispin in the United Kingdom and New York
NEWTOWN PIPPIN - Originated in New York, this all-purpose apple is great for both eating and cooking. The skin is greenish-yellow to yellow, the flesh crisp and juicy and the flavor slightly tart. Also called simply Pippin or sometimes Yellow Pippin , this flavorful apple is available midwinter through mid-spring.
NITTANY An offspring
of York Imperial from Pennsylvania Like a York, this is a crisp apple
with the appearance and texture similar to Fuji.
ORIN This is a medium-sized, light green to yellow apple with russeted lenticles. Orin is a crisp apple similar to a Fuji with a sweet flavor similar to a Golden Delicious. One of the most aromatic.
PARAGON A Winesap-type from early nineteenth century Tennessee. Like other Winesap types, it has a dark red coat, spicy flavor, and is a good keeper. Very similar to Black Twig.
PINK LADY A Golden Delicious/Lady Williams cross from Australia
PINK PEARL This novelty pink fleshed variety has a transparent skin which glows pink from the flesh underneath. Good eating quality, but quite tart. A great applesauce variety.
PINK SUGAR A Red Delicious/Golden Delicious cross. With pink striped over a yellow background. Non-acid, very sweet.
PITMASTON PINEAPPLE A small-fruited English fall russet apple. Firm juicy flesh with a first rate rich distinctive flavor.
POUND SWEET (Pumpkin Sweet)--From Connecticut; large, greenish-yellow fruit; crisp, firm, sweet flesh; good for baking, drying, preserves, applesauce, and apple butter
RAZOR RUSSET An attractive russet mutation of Golden Delicious. But much spicier.
REGENT Flavor suggestive of Red Delicious but more spritely.
RED DELICIOUS -This large, brilliant red (sometimes streaked
with green) apple has an elongated shape with five distinctive knobs at
its base. It's juicy and sweet but lacks any distinguishing tartness.
The Red Delicious is in season from September through April. It's good
for eating out of hand but does not cook well.
RUBINETTE A Swiss bred Golden Delicious/Cox's Orange Pippin cross. Sour, rich flavored.and medium-sized, fawn colored russet.
SCARLET O'HARA This mainly red, flattish shaped apple contains Rome, Golden Delicious and Jonathan in its heritage. This has an outstanding texture and is a good keeper.
SIERRA BEAUTY A flat-shaped, medium-sized, tart, firm crisp green apple from northern California.
SIR PRIZE This is a large yellow, russet free apple of very good quality. One must take care when storing as this variety bruises easily.
SNOW APPLE Soft, snow-white fleshed, aromatic, medium-sized, antique flat red apple. Possibly a parent of McIntosh, as it is very similar in quality.
SPIGOLD A very large to huge red-striped Red Spy/Golden Delicious cross. An oddity for an apple so large to have such exquisite dessert quality. Amust to include in sweet cider blends
STAYMAN --A striped, dull red apple with an off-white
flesh that's juicy, crisp and tart. The Stayman apple is good both raw
and cooked. It's available from late October to April.
SWAAR Medium-sized rough skinned russet grown by Dutch settlers on the Hudson River in the early 1800's. Its ugly coat conceals a rich and aromatic flesh of very good to best quality.
SWEET EMMA A medium-sized, round, red apple, probably an off-spring of Red Delicious although crispier, has a less tough skin than Delicious.
SWEET SIXTEEN Northern Spy cross having firm, crisp texture; moderately acid, aromatic, very pleasing anise essence flavor.
SWISS GOURMET Also known as ARLET. A Swiss bred cross of Golden Delicious and Idared. Firmer and tarter than Gala. with the eating quality akin to a Braeburn.
OLMAN SWEET This medium sized yellow apple is believed to have originated in Massachusetts in the early 1800's. In the nineteenth century when sweet apples were prized for home orchards, Tolman was the best and most popular..
TURLEY WINESAP Winesap offspring resembling Stayman. A flat, dull red, firm apple that ships and keeps well.
VIRGINIA BEAUTY -From Carroll County, Virginia; green and brick-red fruit; tender, sweet flesh; good keeper; makes wonderful preserves.
WAGENER A large, pinkish-red, carmine-striped, antique apple of quality similar to the outstanding Northern Spy.
WESTFIELD-SEEK-NO-FURTHER --From Massachusetts; greenish-yellow skin flushed with orange; sweet, aromatic, slightly astringent flesh; good for cooking, dessert, fresh eating.
WHITE WINTER PEARMAIN A medium to large, pale yellow-skinned apple from 19th century Indiana. Pleasantly aromatic and ranked very good to best for dessert. Flavor akin to Mutsu but in a smaller, harder, and less attractive package.
WINESAP -Juicy and tart, the Winesap apple has a crisp, yellowish flesh covered with a deep red skin. This all-purpose apple has good keeping qualities and is available November through May.
A large, clear, pale yellow apple with a beautiful pink blush.
Originated in Indiana in the late 1800's. Quality good to very good.
Firm, coarse, distinctly aromatic